2018-01-31 00:00:00 Tax Professional English Learn the concept of substance over form. Understand how this idea throws the rulebook out and focuses on portraying the most accurate... https://quickbooks.intuit.com/ca/resources/ca_qrc/uploads/2018/02/Accountant-Explaining-Substance-Over-Form.jpg https://quickbooks.intuit.com/ca/resources/pro-taxes/substance-over-form-explanation/ What Is Substance Over Form?

What Is Substance Over Form?

1 min read

Substance over form is a phrase used to describe the true nature of a business. In some cases, conforming to accounting rules or legal rulings won’t accurately show the reality of your client’s financial or legal standing. Instead of simply following the rules, the concept of substance over form attempts to show your client’s business as accurately as possible.

Some accounting rules may require you to record a transaction that incidentally hides the true intent of the transaction. Instead of providing additional information, these types of transactions mislead the data presented. This misleading can occur both intentionally and accidentally. Your clients may rely on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or International Financial Reporting Standards to substantiate events. For some situations, it’s most suitable to outline all information within the note disclosures. External auditors test your client’s financial records for substance by pulling documents, contracts, and general ledger activity.

An example of substance could relate to the sale of a good. A bill of sale could be drafted the last day of the month to record the revenue in the current month. However, if your client is still in possession of the goods and ownership hasn’t technically transferred, a sale should not be recorded, even if all criteria in accounting rules are met. Another example is debt between two companies owned by the same owner. Even if the financial statements for both companies are aggregated, this debt should be recorded because there is a legitimate liability and receivable between the two companies.

Although compliance to accounting rules is always important, you may encounter situations where these rules don’t paint the correct picture. Realize the concept of substance over form helps you build the most accurate financial reports for your clients.

Information may be abridged and therefore incomplete. This document/information does not constitute, and should not be considered a substitute for, legal or financial advice. Each financial situation is different, the advice provided is intended to be general. Please contact your financial or legal advisors for information specific to your situation.

Related Articles

Tax brackets: How to prepare and file your Canadian small business taxes

If you’re an unincorporated small business owner or are self-employed, it’s time…

Read more

Guide to T2125 for Professional Accountants

Knowing what tax forms apply to which clients are an essential part…

Read more

How to register as self-employed business owner

By 2020, 45% of the Canadian workforce will be made up of…

Read more