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VAT Domestic Reverse Charge (DRC) for CIS in QuickBooks Desktop

There are no pre-created VAT codes for CIS in QuickBooks Desktop, but we understand some customers who use QuickBooks Desktop may be subject to the CIS tax scheme. In this article, we'll show you how to create the necessary tax group and codes.

The domestic reverse charge (which comes into effect on 1 March 2021) is a major change to the way VAT is collected for certain kinds of construction services in the UK, along with any building and construction materials used directly in those services. However, it doesn’t apply to building and construction materials supplied separately, and independently, of any construction services. 

The VAT reverse charge for construction is effectively an extension of the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS), and applies only to transactions that are reported under the CIS and are between VAT-registered contractors and sub-contractors.

To simplify this even further, for services a subcontractor provides they will require the contractor employing them to handle and pay the VAT directly to HMRC.

The payment received will be for the cost of the work done (plus materials used), net of any CIS deductions for tax and National Insurance but no VAT will be paid on the invoice.

This means that customers receiving the service will have to pay VAT due to HMRC instead of paying the supplier. It will only apply to individuals or businesses registered for VAT in the UK (although it will not apply to consumers).

This will affect you if you supply or receive specified services that are reported under the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS).The charge applies to standard and reduced-rate VAT services:

  • for individuals or businesses who are registered for VAT in the UK.
  • reported within the Construction Industry Scheme.

If you're a contractor, you'll need to review all your contracts with subcontractors to decide if the reverse charge will apply to the services you receive under your contracts. You'll need to notify your suppliers.

If you're a subcontractor, you'll need to contact your customers to get confirmation from them if the reverse charge will apply, including confirming if the customer is an end-user or intermediary supplier.

Excluded from the VAT Flat Rate Scheme, the domestic reverse charge should be accounted for and reported the same way as transactions under the standard VAT scheme. Reach out to your accountant to see which scheme is most beneficial for you and your business. 

Here’s an example of how an invoice for £100 on the standard rate VAT should be reporting in the next VAT Return:

Transactions not under reverse charge

Flat Rate SchemeStandard Scheme
Subcontractor
(invoice issuer)
Box 1: Flat rate % applied to £120
Box 6: £120
Box 1: £20
Box 6: £100
Contractor
(invoice receiver)
N/ABox 4: £20
Box 7: £100

Transaction under reverse charge

Flat Rate SchemeStandard Scheme
Subcontractor
(invoice issuer)
Box 6: £100Box 6: £100
Contractor
(invoice receiver)
Box 1: £20
Box 4: £20
Box 7: £100
Box 1: £20
Box 4: £20
Box 7: £100

If you need to adjust the amount of VAT due, you can do so by reducing the total VAT due in the VAT Return for the period in which the credit note was issued. 

Then adjust the amount of input VAT (this is VAT which is included in the price when you purchase vatable goods or services for your business) in the same VAT return in accordance with any input tax adjustment calculations that apply. 

Remember to include the reduction in the value of the supply in the VAT Return for the period in which the credit note is issued.

Note: If the original supply was accounted for under a self-billing or authenticated receipts system then it will be for the customer rather than the supplier to generate the credit note, but otherwise the same procedure will apply. 

If you notice a change in the amount of reverse charge services before the end of your accounting period, you can change your primary records of the sale (or purchase) and make sure the correct figure appears in the VAT account. 

For those with credit notes spanning the transition period, check out section 15 on the HMRC website.

Create the 20% code

CIS Reverse charge for sales item:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, left-click Item List and select New.
  2. Select VAT Item from the TYPE list.
  3. Enter Reverse Charge CIS Sales in the VAT item Name field.
  4. Enter 0.00% in the VAT Rate (%) or Amt field.
  5. Choose HMRC VAT as the VAT agency.
  6. For VAT Return Box, choose '<N, 6> None, Net Reverse Charge Sales' from the dropdown menu list.
  7. Click OK to save.

CIS Reverse charge for Purchase Standard item:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, right click Item List and select New.
  2. Choose VAT Item from the TYPE list.
  3. Enter CIS RC Purchase Standard in the VAT item Name field.
  4. Enter -20.0% in the VAT Rate (%) or Amt field.
  5. Choose HMRC VAT as the VAT agency.
  6. For VAT Return Box, choose '<1, N> VAT on Sales, None' from the dropdown menu list.
  7. Click OK to save.

CIS Reverse charge for Purchase Standard group:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, left click Item List and select New.
  2. Choose VAT Group from the TYPE list.
  3. Enter CIS RC Purchase Standard Group in the Group Name/Number field.
  4. Select VAT Items in the table and then select OK. Standard Purchases and CIS Purchases Standard.

Reverse charge CIS Standard code:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, and choose VAT Code List.
  2. Right click on the page and select New.
  3. Enter CRS in the VAT Code field.
  4. Enter CIS RC Standard in the Description box.
  5. Using the radio button, choose Taxabale.
  6. For VAT Item for Purchases, choose CIS RC Purchase Standard group.
  7. For VAT Item for Sales, choose Reverse Charge CIS Sales item.
  8. Click OK to save.

To create 5% code

Reverse charge CIS 5% Purchase item:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, right click Item List and select New.
  2. Select VAT Item from the TYPE list.
  3. Enter Reverse Charge CIS 5% Purchases in the VAT item Name field.
  4. Enter -5.0% in the VAT Rate (%) or Amt field.
  5. Choose HMRC VAT as the VAT agency.
  6. For VAT Return Box, choose '<1, N> VAT on Sales, None' from the dropdown menu list.
  7. Click OK to save.

Reverse charge CIS 5% Purchases group:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, left click Item List and select New.
  2. Choose VAT Group from the TYPE list.
  3. Enter CIS RC Purchases 5% Group in the Group Name/Number field.
  4. Select VAT Items in the table and then select OK. Reduced Purchases and Reverse Charge CIS 5% Purchases.

Reverse charge CIS 5% code:

  1. On the menu bar go to Lists, and choose VAT Code List.
  2. Right click on the page and select New.
  3. Enter CR5 on the VAT Code field.
  4. Enter CIS RC 5% in the Description field.
  5. Using the radio button, select Taxable.
  6. For VAT Item for Purchases, choose CIS RC Purchases 5% Group.
  7. For VAT Item for Sales, choose Reverse Charge CIS Sales item.
  8. Click OK to save.

Does QuickBooks account for CIS reverse charge on the cash VAT scheme?

According to HMRC's guidelines, businesses that are on the cash VAT scheme will be able to use the CIS reverse charge so long as the invoices are accounted for on a Standard (accrual) VAT basis.

If your VAT settings are set to cash basis, the VAT codes created in product will not account for invoices on a Standard basis. If you choose to remain on the cash VAT scheme, you will need to manually make the adjustments to your VAT Return. CIS RC isn't available on the Flat Rate Scheme.

Add notes to sales invoice

When supplying a service that is subject to the domestic reverse charge, you must clearly state the reverse charge on the invoice and other VAT documents. Here are some details to include:

  • Show all the information required on a VAT invoice (for example, the VAT Registration Number, date and the total amount including VAT). 
  • Make a note on the invoice that clearly states the domestic reverse charge applies and that the customer is required to account for the VAT due.
  • Clearly state the exact amount of VAT due under the reverse charge, or the rate of VAT if the VAT amount cannot be shown, but the VAT should not be included in the amount charged to the customer. 
  • Invoices for services subject to the reverse charge must include the reference ‘reverse charge’ according to the VAT regulations 1995. 

Here are some examples of approved references that you can use:

  • VAT Act 1994 Section 55A applies 
  • S55A VATA 94 applies 
  • Customer to pay the VAT to HMRC

Note: You can also make a note in the Customer Message box of any VAT that is applicable but not necessarily applied under the VAT domestic charge.

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