Is there a way to do this via the menus? I'm sure I'll forget the F2 command, and I'd rather note google it every time, so it is always nice to be able to find it in the menus.
Aside from clicking the F2 button or the Ctrl then 1 button in your keyboard to check where you can get information on where your file is located, you can also go to the File menu and then select Open Previous Company. That will also show where your file is located. Check the screenshot below:
Here's more information on how to back up your data: Back up your QuickBooks Desktop company file. Also, the following article on how to move your company file: Move your company files to another computer.
Let us know if there's anything that you need with your company file. I'm always here to assist. Have a wonderful day!