Learn what's required for each field on the W2 form and for Box 12.
Not sure what all the W2 boxes on the form mean? Or what the codes are for Box 12? We'll explain all below.
W2 boxes defined
|Box 1: Wages, tips, and other compensation||
Reports your total taxable wages for federal income tax purposes. This figure includes your wages, salary, tips you reported, bonuses, and other taxable compensation. Any taxable fringe benefits (such as group term life insurance) are also included in your Box 1 wages.
|Box 2: Federal income tax withheld||
Reports the total amount withheld from your paychecks for federal income taxes. This represents the amount of federal taxes you've paid-in throughout the year.
|Box 3: Social Security wages||
Reports the total amount of wages subject to Social Security taxes. For 2005, the Social Security tax is assessed on wages of $90,000 or less. If Box 3 shows an amount over $90,000, you'll need to have your employer correct your W-2. If your total wages are under $90,000, then the amounts reported in Boxes 1 and 3 should be the same. Tips reported to your employer aren't included in the Box 3 amount. Tip income is reported in Box 7. The amounts in Box 3 and Box 7 should equal either the amount in Box 1 or the $90,000 maximum wage base for Social Security taxes.
|Box 4: Social Security tax withheld||
Reports the total amount of Social Security taxes withheld from your paychecks. The Social Security tax is a flat tax rate of 6.2% for wages up to a maximum of $90,000. Wages above $90,000 aren't subject to the Social Security tax. The maximum figure shown in Box 4 should be $5,580 ($90,000 maximum wage base times 6.5%). If you have two or more jobs during the year, and your total wages exceed $90,000, you may have excess Social Security taxes paid-in. You'll claim the excess as a refund on Form 1040, Line 67.
|Box 5: Medicare wages and tips||
Reports the amount of wages subject to Medicare taxes. There's no maximum wage base for Medicare taxes. The amount shown in Box 5 may be larger than the amount shown in Box 1. Medicare wages include any deferred compensation, 401(k) contributions, or other fringe benefits that are normally excluded from the regular income tax.
|Box 6: Medicare tax withheld||
Reports the amount of taxes withheld from your paycheck for the Medicare tax. The Medicare tax is a flat tax rate of 1.45% of your total Medicare wages.
|Box 7: Social Security tips||
Reports the amount of tip income that you reported to your employer. If you didn't report tips to your employer, you won't have an amount in this box. The amounts in Box 7 and Box 3 should add up to the amount in Box 1, or the $90,000 maximum wage limit for Social Security taxes.
|Box 8: Allocated tips||
Reports any tip income that your employer thinks you may have earned, but failed to report. This amount isn't included in the wages reported in Boxes 1, 3, 5, or 7. Instead, you must add this to your taxable s wages on Form 1040 Line 7, and must calculate your Social Security and Medicare taxes on this tip income using IRS Form 4137 (PDF). Taxpayers with any amount shown in Box 8, Allocated Tips, should seek the advice of a tax preparer to figure out the best strategy for handling this situation. Employees with allocated tips must file Form 1040.
|Box 9: W2 Verification code||
For filing season 2018, the Internal Revenue Service has expanded the pilot to verify the authenticity of Form W-2 data. This initiative is one in a series of steps implemented by the Security Summit to combat tax-related identity theft and refund fraud.
The objective is to verify Form W-2 data submitted by taxpayers on e-filed individual tax returns. The IRS has partnered with certain payroll service providers (PSPs) to include a 16-character verification code on many Forms W-2 provided to employees.
|Box 10: Dependent Care Benefits||
Reports any amounts reimbursed for dependent care expenses, or the dollar value of dependent care services provided by your employer. Amounts under $5,000 are non-taxable benefits. Any amount over $5,000 is reported as taxable wages in Boxes 1, 3, and 5. Non-taxable benefits must be excluded from expenses claimed for the child and dependent care tax credit on IRS Form 2441 (PDF).
|Box 11: Non-qualified Plans||
Reports any amounts distributed to you from your employer's non-qualified deferred compensation plan or non-government Section 457 pension plan. The amount in Box 11 is already included as taxable wages in Box 1.
|Box 12: Deferred Compensation and Other Compensation||
There are several types of compensation and benefits that can be reported in Box 12. Box 12 will report a single letter or double letter code followed by a dollar amount.
|Box 13: Check the Box||
There are three checkboxes in Box 13. Boxes will be checked off if any of these situations apply to you as an employee.
|Box 14: Other Tax Information||
Your employer may report additional tax information in Box 14. If any amounts are reported, they'll have a brief description of what the amounts are for. For example, union dues, company-paid tuition assistance, health insurance premiums you paid, or after-tax contributions to a retirement plan will be reported here. Some employers report certain state and local taxes in Box 14, such as State Disability Insurance (SDI) premiums.
|Box 15: State and State Employer's Identification||
Reports your employer's state and state tax identification number. If you worked for the same employer in multiple states, there may be multiple lines of information.
|Box 16: State wages||
Reports the total amount of taxable wages earned in that state. If you worked for the same employer in multiple state, there may be multiple lines of information.
|Box 17: State income tax withheld||
Reports the total amount of state income taxes withheld from your paychecks for the wages reported in Box 16.
|Box 18: Local wages||
Reports the total amount of wages subject to local, city, or other state income taxes.
|Box 19: Local income tax withheld||
Reports the total amount of taxes withheld from your paychecks for local, city, or other state income taxes.
|Box 20: Locality name||
Provides a brief description of the local, city, or other state tax being paid. The description may identify a particular city, or may identify a state tax such as State Disability Insurance (SDI) payments.
Statutory employee means that you must report the wages from this W-2 (and any other W2 forms marked "statutory employee") on Form 1040 Schedule C. Your wages aren't subject to income tax withholding (there'll be a zero or blank amount in Box 2), but are subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes (so Boxes 3 through 6 will be filled out). Statutory employees are strongly urged to use tax preparation software to calculate their taxes.
Retirement plan means that you must report the wages from this W-2 (and any other W2 forms marked "statutory employee") on Form 1040 Schedule C. Your wages aren't subject to income tax withholding (there'll be a zero or blank amount in Box 2), but are subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes (so Boxes 3 through 6 will be filled out). Statutory employees are strongly urged to use tax preparation software to calculate their taxes.
|Third-party sick pay||
Third-party sick pay means that you received sick pay under your employer's third-party insurance policy. (Instead of receiving sick pay directly from your employer as part of your regular paycheck.) Sick pay isn't included in your taxable wages.
W-2 Box 12 codes
There are several types of compensation and benefits that can be reported in Box 12. Box 12 reports a single letter or double letter code followed by a dollar amount. Below are the codes for Box 12:
Note: If you have any amounts reported in Box 12, it may be quicker and more efficient to use a tax preparation software to calculate your taxes.
|Box 12 Codes||Compensation and Benefits|
|Code A||Uncollected Social Security or RRTA tax on tips. Include this amount as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code B||Uncollected Medicare tax on tips. Include this amount as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code C||Taxable benefit of group term-life insurance over $50,000. Already included as part of your taxable wages in Boxes 1, 3, and 5.|
|Code D||Non-taxable elective salary deferrals to a 401(k) or SIMPLE 401(k) retirement plan.|
|Code E||Non-taxable elective salary deferrals to a 403(b) retirement plan.|
|Code F||Non-taxable elective salary deferrals to a 408(k)(6) SEP retirement plan.|
|Code G||Non-taxable elective salary deferrals and non-elective company contributions to a 457(b) retirement plan.|
|Code H||Non-taxable elective salary deferrals to a 501(c)(18)(D) tax-exempt plan.|
|Code J||Non-taxable sick pay. This amount isn't included in taxable wages in Boxes 1, 3, or 5.|
|Code K||Excise tax (equal to 20%) on excess "golden parachute" payments. Include this amount as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code L||Non-taxable reimbursements for employee business expenses.|
|Code M||Uncollected Social Security or RRTA tax on taxable group term life insurance over $50,000 for former employees. Include this amount as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code N||Uncollected Medicare tax on taxable group term life insurance over $50,000 for former employees. Include this amount as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code P||Non-taxable reimbursements for employee moving expenses, if the amounts were paid directly to the employee.|
|Code Q||Non-taxable combat pay. Some individuals may elect to include combat pay when calculating their Earned Income Credit.|
|Code R||Company contributions to an Archer Medical Savings Account. This amount should be reported on IRS Form 8853.|
|Code S||Non-taxable salary deferral to a 408(p) SIMPLE retirement plan.|
|Code T||Employer paid adoption benefits. This amount isn't included in Box 1 wages. You must use IRS Form 8839 to calculate the taxable and non-taxable portion of these adoption benefits.|
|Code V||Income from the exercise of non-statutory stock options. This amount is already included as taxable income in Boxes 1, 3, and 5. See also, how to report stock options.|
|Code W||Company contributions to your Health Savings Account. Report this amount on IRS Form 8889.|
|Code Y||Salary deferrals under 409A non-qualified deferred compensation plan.|
|Code Z||Income received under 409A non-qualified deferred compensation plan. This amount is already included in taxable wages in Box 1. This amount is subject to an additional tax of 20% plus interest as part of your total tax on Form 1040.|
|Code AA||After-tax contributions to a Roth 401(k) retirement plan.|
|Code BB||After-tax contributions to a Roth 403(b) retirement plan.|
|Code DD||Cost of employer-sponsored health care coverage|
|Code EE||Designated Roth contributions under a governmental section 457(b) plan.|
|Code FF||Used to report the total amount of permitted benefits under a qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangement (QSEHRA). These new QSEHRAs allow eligible employers to pay or reimburse medical care expenses of eligible employees after the employees provide proof of coverage.|
|Code GG||Income from qualified equity grants under section 83(i).|
|Code HH||Aggregate deferrals under section 83(i) elections as of the close of the calendar year.|