As part of the GST requirements for all business owners, you’re bound to create e-way bills when you transport goods from one place to another.
An e-way bill is basically an electronic document that transporters need to carry when they are in the process of transporting goods from one place to another.
The process is pretty simple. E-way bills can be generated using the GSTN e-way bill system. But because they are only good for one day for every 100 kilometers travelled, you should create yours right before your goods are picked up that is, if you’re required to create one at all.
There are several situations in which business owners are exempt from creating e-way bills completely.
Cases when eWay bill is Not Required
In the following cases it is not necessary to generate e-Way Bill:
- The mode of transport is non-motor vehicle
- Goods transported from Customs port, airport, air cargo complex or land customs station to Inland Container Depot (ICD) or Container Freight Station (CFS) for clearance by Customs.
- Goods transported under Customs supervision or under customs seal
- Goods transported under Customs Bond from ICD to Customs port or from one custom station to another.
- Transit cargo transported to or from Nepal or Bhutan
- Movement of goods caused by defence formation under Ministry of Defence as a consignor or consignee
- Empty Cargo containers are being transported
- Consignor transporting goods to or from between place of business and a weighbridge for weighing at a distance of 20 kms, accompanied by a Delivery challan.
- Goods being transported by rail where the Consignor of goods is the Central Government, State Governments or a local authority.
- Goods specified as exempt from E-Way bill requirements in the respective State/Union territory GST Rules.
- Transport of certain specified goods- Includes the list of exempt supply of goods, Annexure to Rule 138(14), goods treated as no supply as per Schedule III, Certain schedule to Central tax Rate notifications.
Note: Part B of e-Way Bill is not required to be filled where the distance between the consigner or consignee and the transporter is less than 50 Kms and transport is within the same state.
It is important for business owners to create e-way bills when required because the government uses the information to monitor shipments in an effort to avoid tax evasion. Thankfully, there are several clauses in the bill to protect business owners, such as the rule that shipments can only be inspected once during a journey.