Yes, you can put the invoice number in the Description column. It should be like this format "Inv no. 1098." If this is more than that, there's a possibility that the complete details in the description will not show under the For review tab on the Banking page.
I've added a screenshot to show the difference before and after it was uploaded to QuickBooks:
You should not worry if your bank transactions will not categorized properly. QuickBooks will find any potential matches within the system and will put a notification in the bank transaction that there's a similar transaction found. To know more about it, you can check out this article: Categorise and match online bank transactions in QuickBooks Online.