Canada embraces diversity, and it backs up that stance with legislation. Citizens are protected from discrimination in matters of employment and the provision of accommodation and public services. Federal laws fall under the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Employment Equity Act. Human rights are also defended at the provincial level by agencies, such as the Ontario Human Rights Commission.
Although the law protects each individual citizen on a case-by-case basis, the spirit of the law suggests that employers should prevent discrimination by building acceptance and accessibility into their business processes. To avoid inadvertent violations of the Human Rights Act, small business owners need to be aware of the scope of the law and how it pertains to employment.