What are Knowledge Areas?
The project management knowledge areas refer to the various aspects of a project and cover all processes and documentation necessary to plan, manage, and complete a project. A project management professional will use these knowledge areas to govern all projects.
These processes are grouped by commonalities found within a project, which are the knowledge areas. It’s important to note that certain knowledge areas will overlap processes as their functions can serve multiple areas of a project life cycle.
The processes are the tasks associated with these project phases that gather the required information corresponding to the knowledge category. The project management processes themselves can be grouped into five categories that define the project’s lifecycle: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring, and controlling, and closing.
For example, the first knowledge area known as project integration management includes processes used throughout the project’s lifecycle, covering everything from its initiation to its closing.