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Level 2

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

I purchased an existing LLC with three partners in June. We converted it from a single-member LLC to a multi-member LLC. Per our operating agreement, we each have 25% interest (ownership) in the business. This is a small business. It had no loans or physical assets whatsoever. We purchased the business to get its name, contracts/vendors, and customers. We paid the previous single member and received all the cash in the bank account. I'm using Quickbooks Online. Here's the scenario:

 

  • We paid $11,000 for the business to the previous single member.
  • While we each have 25% interest, two of the four of us put in all the funds. We will be paid back through distributions (draws) from the LLC and the other two members will not receive draws until the two of us are repaid. This is all documented in the Operating Agreement.
  • The bank account had a balance of ~$12K at the time. We left the funds in the account and changed the signers. Essentially the funds were transferred to us but they did not go anywhere. We used the same account but changed the signers with the bank.

Questions:

  1. I initially logged the ~$12K bank account balance as a deposit and allocated it to Opening Balance Equity. Was this the correct way to note this amount? We did not physically"deposit" the funds ourselves but they were in the bank account from previous transactions so I treated them as if we deposited them.
  2. I am confused how to note Owner's Equity (Member's Equity) in this case. I have created four sets of accounts consisting of: Member's Equity, Member's Draw, and Member's Contributions. Each member has one of these sets of accounts. What is the correct way to enter the equity for each member? I currently have the transaction listed on the day after we bought the business as debiting $2,750 to each member's equity account and I have credited Opening Balance Equity for the $11,000 that we paid for the business. After doing this, the Balance Sheet shows $11,000 in Total Member's Equity and ~1K in Opening Balance Equity. Is that correct?

 

Solved
Best answer 12-16-2019

Best Answers
Highlighted
Level 15

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

Thank you for the clear concise explanation of the events.

 

1. Yes, that entry is correct, OBE should show ~12K. Now you need to distribute it with a journal entry since there is no more opening balance entries.
debit OBE ~12K
credit partner 1 equity, ~3K
credit partner 2 equity, ~3K
credit partner 3 equity, ~3K
credit partner 4 equity, ~3K
You will need to adjust the amounts so that when finished OBE = 0, and from this point on make OBE inactive as it will not be needed again

 

2. The 11K the two of you paid, is basically a loan to the partnership, and that is how I would handle it.
Create liability account named for each partner, and an asset account called goodwill, then a journal entry
debit goodwill 11K
credit loan liability 5.5K partner 1
credit loan liability 5.5K partner 2

create a sub account of goodwill called something like goodwill amortization, and an expense account called amortization expense. At the end of the year do a journal entry
debit amortization expense for 1/15th of the amount
credit goodwill amortization for the same amount
goodwill is amortized over 15 years for the IRS

Repay the loan to the partners, this is not a draw.

View solution in original post

5 Comments
Highlighted
Level 15

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

Thank you for the clear concise explanation of the events.

 

1. Yes, that entry is correct, OBE should show ~12K. Now you need to distribute it with a journal entry since there is no more opening balance entries.
debit OBE ~12K
credit partner 1 equity, ~3K
credit partner 2 equity, ~3K
credit partner 3 equity, ~3K
credit partner 4 equity, ~3K
You will need to adjust the amounts so that when finished OBE = 0, and from this point on make OBE inactive as it will not be needed again

 

2. The 11K the two of you paid, is basically a loan to the partnership, and that is how I would handle it.
Create liability account named for each partner, and an asset account called goodwill, then a journal entry
debit goodwill 11K
credit loan liability 5.5K partner 1
credit loan liability 5.5K partner 2

create a sub account of goodwill called something like goodwill amortization, and an expense account called amortization expense. At the end of the year do a journal entry
debit amortization expense for 1/15th of the amount
credit goodwill amortization for the same amount
goodwill is amortized over 15 years for the IRS

Repay the loan to the partners, this is not a draw.

View solution in original post

Highlighted
Level 2

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

That is super helpful. Thank you. Responding to each below:

 

1. Done. I've made a journal entry to distribute the initial "deposit" as equity to the four members. OBE now says zero on the balance sheet.

 

2. I hadn't considered that $11K to be a loan but I guess that makes sense. Are you considering it a loan because we did not contribute funds to the LLC as would normally be the case? Instead, we provided funds to purchase the existing business for which we intend to be repaid. Questions:

  • A: That amount will potentially be repaid in full during 2020. Is it correct to amortize it over a period of 15 years if I expect the liability to be satisfied that quickly? It's not the intention for it to be a long-term loan.
  • B: If we do consider it a loan, and this is not a draw as you've indicated, what are the correct entries when making payments back to the two of us? 
Highlighted
Level 2

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

Checking back if anyone has an answer to these latest questions, posed above:

 

2. I hadn't considered that $11K to be a loan but I guess that makes sense. Are you considering it a loan because we did not contribute funds to the LLC as would normally be the case? Instead, we provided funds to purchase the existing business for which we intend to be repaid. Questions:

  • A: That amount will potentially be repaid in full during 2020. Is it correct to amortize it over a period of 15 years if I expect the liability to be satisfied that quickly? It's not the intention for it to be a long-term loan.
  • B: If we do consider it a loan, and this is not a draw as you've indicated, what are the correct entries when making payments back to the two of us? 
Highlighted
Level 1

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

To keep it simple, treat the $11,000 paid for business as an equal contribution amongst all partners. Loaning the other two shareholders money to contribute capital to the business is a personal transaction and should not be recognized in the books.

 

Customer lists, contracts and the business name are all considered Section 197 intangibles and must be amortized over the course of 180 months (15 years) beginning with the date you placed the assets in service. This would be recorded as an intangible asset balance sheet account.

Therefore your journal entry for the $11k paid equally by each partner would be recorded as:

 

Debit Goodwill $11k

CR Partner Equity $2750 (for each partner’s equity account)

 

Highlighted
Level 1

Multi-member LLC Purchase and Equity Setup

To record the journal entry for year end amortization, calculate the following:

 

$11k/180 months * 12 months = $733 of amortization expense recorded over the course of 15 years, with a few years’ amortization expense increased to record an even $11,000. You will need your Tax Accountant to create you an amortization schedule to verify this information, however.

 

Since you purchased the intangibles in June, let’s assume you placed them in service in June. Therefore, for example, your year 1 amortization expense would be recalculated as follows:

 

$733 * 7/12 = $428 for your year 1 amortization expense. Your journal entry you would record is below.

 

DR Amortization Expense

CR Accumulated Amortization

 

Please note, accumulated amortization is a contra asset account (meaning it will have a negative balance) and should be set up as a sub account of Section 197 Intangibles (Asset Account). Instead of setting up Goodwill as an asset account, I would name the Asset Account “Section 197 Intangibles” to record all intangibles on a net basis for simplicity, instead of separately.

 

Hopefully this information helps.

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