While collecting all the money you’re owed is the best-case scenario, small business owners know that things don’t always go as planned. Estimating invoices you won’t be able to collect will help you prepare more accurate financial statements and better understand important metrics like cash flow, working capital, and net income.
In particular, your allowance for doubtful accounts includes past-due invoices that your business does not expect to collect before the end of the accounting period. In other words, doubtful accounts, also known as bad debts, are an estimated percentage of accounts receivable that might never hit your bank account.
Let’s explore the importance of allowance for doubtful accounts, the methods of estimating it, and how to record it.